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Hope vs. Wish




What do you think of this sentence?

"I wish I pass my test." It sounds good, right? Actually, it is a Common Mistake

A common mistake that many students make is confusing "hope" and "wish".



Hope Hope = to desire something good or positive in the future.

It is often used to express a desire for an event, a situation, or an action to happen in the future. In this case, it is used with the present simple tense. Examples: 🔸 I hope she gets better. 🔸 I hope we see each other again. 🔸 I hope I pass my test.

It can also be used when something has recently happened, and we desire that it has a positive result in the future. In this case, it is used with the past simple tense. Examples: 🔸After your friend has had a test, you say: "I hope you passed your test." 🔸After a job interview, you say: "I hope I got the job."



Wish Wish = to desire something that is unlikely or impossible to happen

It is used to express a desire for something that is not real now. In this case, it is used with a simple past verb or conditional modal. Examples: 🔸I wish I had a bigger house. 🔸I wish I didn’t have a big test tomorrow 🔸I wish I could learn English faster. 🔸I wish I were taller. **

**This follows the same rule as second conditional: the “be” verb is always “were” even when the subject is “I.”

It is also used to express present regret about something that happened in the past. In this case it is used with a past perfect verb. Examples: 🔸You said something stupid, and now you regret it; you say: "I wish I hadn’t said that." 🔸You didn’t study for the test, and now you regret it; you say: "I wish I had studied harder for the test."


NOTICE the DIFFERENCE between these two statements: 🔸I hope I can improve my English. 🔸I wish I could improve my English.


The first sentence means that I want to improve my English, and I think it is possible.

The second sentence means that I want to improve my English, but I don’t think it is possible.



One reason "wish" can be confusing is when it is used with a noun in expressions such as: “I wish you something.” It is the only case you can use “wish” for something real. Examples: 🔸I wish you the best. 🔸I wish you peace and happiness

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